Wayanad District, in the north-east of Kerala, India, was formed on November 1 , 1980 as the 12th district, carved
out of Kozhikode and Kannur districts. The etymology of
the word Wayanad is Vayal (paddy) Naad (land); 'Land of Paddy Fields'. There are many
indigeneous tribals in this area. It is set lofty on the majestic
Western Ghats with altitudes ranging from 700 to 2100 Metres above
mean sea level.
District of Wayanad is on the southern tip of the Deccan plateau. On it’s North, South and West lie the districts of
Kannur, Malappuram and Kozhikode (Calicut). To it’s North and East, it borders the Karnataka districts
of Coorg and Mysore. Further to the southeast lies the Nilgiri district of
Kalpetta is the District Headquarters. Sultan Bathery and Mananthavady are the
The district enjoys uniformly pleasant climate throughout the year. The period
between Dec. and Feb. is rather chilly (avg. 150C ).
Cardamom, Coffee, Pepper, Tea, and Vanilla.
Average over 2300 mm. Wayanad, like the rest of Kerala gets two Monsoons: the SW
(Jun. - Sept.) and the NE (Oct. - Nov.). Lakkidi, the place which gets the
highest rainfall in the state is in Wayanad.
Light summer clothes for most of the year. However between Dec. and Feb. it is
advisable to carry warm clothes.
While Malayalam is the local language, English and Hindi are widely spoken and
understood. Kannada and Tamil are also understood towards border regions.
Major Tourist spots in wayanad
This perennial fresh water lake, nestled among wooded hills, is the only one of
its kind in Kerala. A fresh water aquarium with large variety of fish is an
added attraction. Tourists can also avail of boating facilities, children’s
park, and a shopping centre for handicrafts and spices.
The two caves are located at a height of 1000 metre on Ambukutty Hill near
Ambalavayal. The New Stone Age pictorial writings on the walls of these natural
caves at Edakkal are evidence of the civilisation that existed in Wayanad in
prehistoric times. The caves can be accessed only by a 1 km trekking trial from
Lakkidi is the gateway to Wayanad. It is situated 700 metre above mean sea
level, at the crest of the Thamarassery Ghat pass. Luxuriant forests, lofty
peaks, gurgling streams and a good number of monkeys on both sides give thrill
to the journey up the winding roads to this hill station. The 12 kilometre long
journey through ghat road with nine hairpin bends amidst thick forests is a
Rare species of birds can be sighted from the watch tower of this bird’s
sanctuary. This place can be accessed only by trekking.
Kuruva Dweep (island)
The Kuruva island is a 950 acre of ever green forest
lying on the tributaries of east flowing river Kabani. It is an ideal picnic
spot, far away from the disturbance of city life. The island is uninhabited.
Rare species of birds, orchids and herbs are found here.
Pazhassi Raja's Tomb
King Pazhassi, known as the “Lion of Kerala”, who
organised guerrilla type warfare against British East India Company, was
cremated in Mananthavady in 1805.
Thirunelli is situated north-east of Mananthavady
under the Brahmagiri hills in the reserve forests. The Temple is a marvel of temple architecture. The shrine is
shielded with 30 granite columns and the ground is paved with huge square pieces
of granite. The crystal clear waters of the Papanasini river running downhill
add to the enchantment of the place. Pakshipathalam, an interesting trekking
centre, is 7 kms. away from the temple.
Muthanga Wild Life Sanctuary
Thick forests covering an area of 345 sq. kms form
the Muthanga Wild Life Sanctuary – the biggest aboad of wild animals in north
Kerala. Elephant, spotted deer, bison, tiger, cheetah, wild bear, etc. are found
in this sanctuary. The forest department has facilities for providing elephant
rides to tourists. Muthanga, which is 16 kms east of Sulthan Bathery, is located
very near to the Karnataka boarder.
At 2100 metre above mean sea level, Chembra is the
highest peak in Wayanad and is an ideal area for trekking. Climbing this peak is
a challenging endeavour and would take a full day.
The waterfall at Soochippara near Meppadi is really a
treasure of nature. The stretch of waterfalls ranging at places from 100 to 300
feet height is a treat to the eyes. The pool below provides for water rafting,
swimming, bathing etc.
Banasura Sagar Dam
This is the largest earth dam in India. The topography here is such that many islands will be
formed in the upstream of the dam when the dam is full. These islands with the
background of the Banasura hill will provide an enchanting sight to tourists.
Boating facilities are available here.